Parts of Speech PDF Notes with Quiz 2020
Parts of Speech PDF

Parts of Speech PDF Notes with Quiz 2020

Parts of Speech PDF Hello Dear Students -: Today In this Post We are Going To Learn What is Parts of Speech in This Section we cover All Basie Rules and Importance Points that Can Help you to Improve Yore Marks in Any Competitive Exams

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Read Also-: 50+ Antonyms & Synonyms For SSC CHSL Part 2 2020

Read Also-: Synonyms and Antonyms For SSC CHSL 2020

English Grammar-: What is Parts of Speech?

The parts of speech are the primary categories of words according to their function in a
sentence.
English has seven main parts of speech. We’ll look at a brief overview of each below;
continue on to their individual chapters to learn more about them.

Parts of Speech

Grammar Question For SSC CHSL

Parts of Speech PDF- : Nouns

Nouns are words that identify or name people, places, or things.
✓ Nouns can function as the subject of a clause or sentence.
✓ Noun can function as the object of a verb,
✓ Noun can function as the object of a preposition.
Examples:
cat, book, table, girl, and plane, goodness brotherhood and quality are all nouns.
Key: Noun gives the answer of “who/ whom or what” in a sentence.

Noun

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Parts of Speech PDF- : Pro Nouns

✓ Pronouns are words that represent nouns (people, places, or things).
✓ Pronouns are used in the same ways as nouns;
✓ They can function as subjects or objects.
✓ Pronouns are divided into three persons eg.
✓ First person; speaker (I, We)
✓ Second person; listener (You)
✓ Third person; about whom we talk (He, She, It, They, One Etc.)
✓ Common pronouns include I, you, she, him, it, everyone, and somebody.

Pronoun

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Key: Noun gives the answer of “who/ whom or what” in a sentence.

Important

Parts of Speech PDF- :Verbs

Verbs are words that describe the actions—or states of being—of people, animals,
places, or things.
✓ Verbs function as the root of what’s called the predicate, which is required (along
with a subject) to form a complete sentence; therefore,
✓ Every sentence must include at least one verb.
✓ Verbs include action words like run, walk, write, or sing,
✓ Verb shows states of being, such as be, seem, feel, or sound.

Parts of Speech PDF-: Adjectives

Adjectives are words that modify (add description to) nouns and (occasionally)
pronouns.
✓ They can be a part of either the subject or the predicate.
✓ Common adjectives are red, blue, fast, slow, big, tall, and wide.
✓ Adjective gives the answer of (how many, how much and how etc)

Parts of Speech PDF-:Adverbs


✓ Adverbs are words that modify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, or even entire
clauses.
✓ Depending on what they modify (and how), adverbs can appear anywhere in the
sentence.
✓ Adverbs are commonly formed from adjectives by adding “-ly” to the end, as
in slowly, quickly, widely, beautifully, or commonly.

Parts of Speech PDF-: Prepositions

Prepositions are words that express a relationship between a noun or pronoun
(known as the object of the preposition) and another part of the sentence.
✓ Some examples of prepositional phrases are: on the table, in the shed,
and across the field. (The prepositions are in bold.)

Preposition

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Parts of Speech PDF-:Conjunctions

Conjunctions are words that connect other words, phrases, or clauses, expressing
a specific kind of relationship between the two (or more) elements.
✓ Conjunctions are divided into two parts “subordinate and coordinate conjunctions”
✓ The most common conjunctions are “and, but, or, nor, for, so, and yet etc”.

Parts of Speech PDF-: Interjections

Interjections are words, phrases, or sounds used to convey emotions such as
surprise, excitement, happiness, or anger.
✓ They are grammatically unrelated to any other part of a sentence, so they are set
apart by commas.
✓ They are also often used alone as minor sentences.
✓ Common interjections are “alas! Hurrah! Wow! Etc.”

Parts of Speech PDF-:Other Parts of Speech

In addition to the eight parts of speech above, there are several other groupings
of words that do not neatly fit into any one specific category—particles, articles,
determiners and gerunds etc.
✓ Many of these share characteristics with one or more of the eight primary
categories. For example, determiners are similar in many ways to adjectives, but
they are not completely the same, and most particles are identical
in appearance to prepositions but have different grammatical functions

Parts of Speech PDF-: Particles.

A particle is a word that does not have semantic meaning on its own, but instead
relies on the word it is paired with to have meaning. It is very similar to a
preposition—in fact, they are almost always identical in appearance. However,
prepositions are used to establish a relationship between their objects and another
part of a sentence, while particles are only used to create infinitives and to form
certain phrasal verbs.

Parts of Speech PDF-:Articles

There are two grammatical articles: Definite (the) and Indefinite (a/an)
✓ The definite article “the” is used to identify a specific or unique person, place, or
thing.
✓ The indefinite articles “a” and “an” identify nonspecific or generic people, places,
or things.

Parts of Speech PDF-:Determiners

Determiners are used to introduce a noun or noun phrase and give determining
information about it.
✓ Determiners often behave similarly to adjectives in that they modify the noun they
precede, but they differ in how they signal that a noun will follow.
E.g. this, that, these and those etc.

Parts of Speech PDF-:Gerunds

Gerunds are nouns that are formed from verbs. They are identical in appearance
to present participles (the base form of the verb + “-ing”).
✓ Because they function as nouns, gerunds can be subjects or objects, and they can
also act as adjective complements.
E.g. Smoking is injurious to health.

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